Recommended Readings

The following are references for student housing, affordable housing, tenure, co-operative, and related subject resources.

Allison, A. Burkhart, B. (2002). Prefab I & II, Gibbs Smith Publisher, Layton, Utah, ISBN-10: 1586851322.

Bergdoll, B. Christensen, P. (2009). Home Delivery: Fabricating the Modern Dwelling, MOMA, New York.

Brand, S. (1995). How Buildings Learn: What Happens After They’re Built, Penguin Publishers, 12-13

Friedman, A. (2005). Homes Within Reach: a guide to the planning, design and construction of affordable homes and communities, Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley, ISBN: 0471469866.

Guallart, V. (2006). Self - Sufficient Housing: IAAC 1st Advanced Architecture Contest, Institut d’Arquitectura de Catalunya, Ingoprint S.A., ISBN: 84-96540-43-X. 

Hayden, D. (1986). Redesigning the American Dream: The Future of Housing, Work and family Life, WW Norton & Co., London, Penguin Books, ISBN-10: 0807064734.

Haraguchi, H. (1989). A Comparative analysis of 20th Century Houses, Rizzoli Intl., New York.

Kendall, S. Teicher, J. (1999) Residential Open Building Spon Press Publications.

Mackay, D., (1977). Multiple Family Housing: From Aggregation to Integration, Architectural Book Pub. Co., New York.

Norberg-Schulz, Christian, The Concept of Dwelling, Published by Electa / Rizzoli New York, 1985, ISBN 0-8478-0590-5.

Sherwood, R. (2002) Modern Housing Prototypes. Harvard University Press, ISBN-10: 0674579429. 

Sewell, J. (1993). The Shape of the City, Published by University of Toronto Press, ISBN 0-8020-7409-x.

Serrats M. (2012). Prefab Houses Design Source, Harper Design and Loft Publications, ISBN 978-0-06-211354-2.

Smith, R. (2010). Prefab Architecture: A Guide to Modular Design & Construction, John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey.

Stang, A. & Hawthorne, C. (1970). The Green House: New Directions in Sustainable Architecture, Princeton Architectural Press.

Williams R. J. (2018). Complex Housing: Designing for Density, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Publishing, London, New York, ISBN 9781315639925.

Yin, R.K (1984) Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Sage Publications, Beverly Hills, California.  


Alderton, M. (2018, April 24). Co-Living, Custom-Order Homes, and Creative Economies: Is this the Future of High Density Housing?, Architectural Daily.

Addictions and Mental Health Ontario, (2018, April). Promising Practices: 12 Case Studies in Supportive Housing for People with Mental Housing and addiction Issues, CMHA Report, Toronto, CMHA Ontario.

Anzilotti, E. (2018, April 26). Permanently Affordable Housing gets Its Own Accelerator Program, World Changing Ideas, CityLab, Fast Company. 

Aurand, A. (2010). Density, housing types and mixed land use: Smart tools for affordable housing? Urban Studies, 47(5), 1015–1036. 

Berkes, E. & Gaetani, R. (2017, October 11). Income Segregation and Rise of the Knowledge Economy. 2018 Meeting Papers, 213, Society for Economic Dynamics. Retrieved from

Bernardo, L.(2015). The new role of student housing: connecting campus and community. Real Estate Review, 44(1), 3-9.

Biau, V., & Bacqué, M.H. (2010). Habitats alternatifs: Des projets négociés? Paris-Val de Seine: ENSA

Brannan, A. (2018, September 27). What Canada Will Look Like in 2036: Canadian Immigration, Diversity, and Language from 2011-2036. IMMI group. Retrieved from

Canadian Architect (2014, May). 60 Richmond East Housing Co-operative. Canadian Architect. Retrieved from 

Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation,(2018, November) (n.d.). About Affordable Housing in Canada. Retrieved from

Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation. (2005). Critical Success Factors for Community Land Trusts in Canada. Retrieved from

Canadian Mental Health Association, (2014, March). Housing and Mental Health, CMHA Report, Toronto,

Canadian Urban Institute for the GTA Housing Lab, (2017, June). Scaling Up Affordable Housing in the GTA, Report, Toronto, www.CANURBAN.ORG

CBC News, (2017, July 20). Parkdale Neighbourhood Land Trust purchases first piece of community land, Metro Morning Report, Toronto, CBC Radio Canada.

CityTO, (2016). Transformative Change for the TCHC, A report from the Mayor’s taskforce on Community Housing, Toronto.

City of Toronto (2002). Official Plan. Retrieved from 

City of Toronto Housing Information, (2003). Social Profiles – Neighborhoods, Immigration, Ethnicity, and Language. Source: Statistics Canada, Land Information Toronto, Copyright City of Toronto.

City Planning Division, (December 2003 – July 2006). Profile Toronto. Toronto’s Housing Bulletins, City Planning Division, Housing Policy and Research, Toronto.

Cote, A. (2013). Affordable Housing in Ontario: Mobilizing Private Capital in an Era of Public Constraint. IMFG, Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, ISBN 978-0-7727-0913-4. 

Czischke, D. (2018) Collaborative housing and housing providers: towards an analytical framework of multi-stakeholder collaboration in housing co-production, International Journal of Housing Policy, 18:1 (p.55-81). 

Czischke, D. (2013). Social Innovation in Housing: Learning from practice across Europe, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.

Evergreen (2018). What is the Missing Middle? A Toronto Housing Challenge Demystified. Retrieved from 

Evergreen, Ryerson city Building Institute, (2017, October). Getting to 8000: Building a Healthier Rental Market for the Toronto Area, Toronto.

Fleury, D., & Fortin, M. (2006). When Working is Not Enough to Escape Poverty: An Analysis of Canada’s Working Poor. Ottawa: Human Resources and Social Development Canada. 

Fraserview Housing Co-operative. (n.d.). Fraserview Housing Co-operative – A co-op community along the Fraser River. Retrieved from

Haines, G., & Aird, B. (2018). Finding the Missing Middle in the GTHA. Ryerson University City Building Institute. Retrieved from

Homes & Community Agency, PTE Architects, Levitt Bernstein Associates, Design for Homes UK, ( 2009). HAPPI: Housing our Ageing Population: Panel for Innovation, UK.

Hulchanski, J. D. (2010). The Three Cities Within Toronto: Income Polarization Among Toronto’s Neighbourhoods, 1970-2005, Toronto: Cities Centre, University of Toronto. 

Jacobs, K. (2017, December 14). The Future of Living: Housing Innovation in Underserved Markets, A Q & A with Booth Hanson Architects, Metropolis Magazine, NY.

Kaufman, R. (2018, May 7). Community Land Trust Model Taking Off in Vancouver. Retrieved from

Koster, H. R. A., & Rouwendal, J. (2012). The impact of mixed land use on residential property values. Journal of Regional Science, 52(5), (p.733–761). 

Lawrence, N. (2015, March 1). Mutual Home Ownership Society | Low Carbon Leeds. Retrieved November 20, 2018, from

Macintyre, C. (2003). New models of student housing and their impact on local communities, Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 25(2),109-118.

Moos, M., Vinodraj, T., Revington, N., and Seasons, M. (2018). Planning for Mixed Use: Affordable for Whom?, Journal of the American Planning Association, 84:1 (p.7-20).

Morris, A. (2018) Modular home system turns empty commercial buildings into co-living spaces. Dezeen. Retrieved November 21, 2018 from:

NMHC (National Multifamily Housing Council). (2018, January). Disruption: How Demographics, Psychographics and Technology Are Bringing Multifamily to the Brink of a Design Revolution. Retrieved from 

NYC Public Design Commision (2018). Designing New York: Quality Affordable Housing, New York Department of City Planningl, NY.

Ontario Association of Architects, (n.d.). North Toronto Collegiate Institute/Republic Sustainable Design Case Study. Retrieved November 22, 2018, from

Ontario Municipal Board, (April 3, 2007).  City of Toronto Official Plan Housing Policies, As approved by the OMB, Toronto.

Pacini, A. (2017). Housing Horizons: models for real estate community investment. OCAD University. Retrieved from

Pagliaro, J. (2017, September 28). City on hook for $1.6 billion to fix crumbling public housing | The Star. Retrieved November 19, 2018, from

Paradis, E. (2018). Saving room: Community action and municipal policy to protect dwelling room stock in North American cities (p. 35). Retrieved from

Parkdale Neighbourhood Land Trust, (2017, May).  No Room for Unkept Promises: Parkdale Rooming House Study, van Nostrand Developments , Toronto.

Park, N. (2014, March 13). The Cheat Sheet: Co-ops. Retrieved November 19, 2018, from

Parolek, D. (n.d.). Missing Middle Housing: Responding to the Demand for Walkable Urban Living. Retrieved from 

Post, R. (2014, August 25). Are Tiny Houses and Micro apartments the Future of urban Homes?, The Guardian, Sustainable Design Hub, Rockefeller Foundation. 

Powell, J. A. (2003) Opportunity-based housing, in: E. Buchwald (Ed.) Toward the Livable City, pp. 181–211 (Minneapolis, MN: Milkweed Editions).

Profile Toronto, Toronto’s Housing Bulletins, City Planning Division , Policy and Research, City Planning Division, December 2003 – July 2006

Reason, C. (2018, November 1). Advocates hopeful developer will bring affordable housing to Mimico GO Station. Retrieved November 22, 2018, from 

Roberts, Y (2018, May 01). The Experiments providing Homes Around the World, The Guardian, Rockefeller Foundation. 

Royal Bank of Canada. (2018, September 28). Canadian housing affordability at worst level in nearly 30 years: RBC Economics. Retrieved November 19, 2018, from

Shanesy, L. (2016, January 19). A Close-Up Look at the ‘Apartment of the Future’. MFE, Multifamily Executive, Affordable Housing finance.

Song, Y., & Knaap, G.-J. (2004). Measuring the effects of mixed land uses on housing values. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 34(6), (p.663–680).  

Stapleton, J., Murphy, B., Xing, Y. (February 2012). The “Working Poor” in the Toronto Region: Who they are, where they live, and how trends are changing Toronto, George Cedric Metcalf Charitable Foundation, Toronto.

Statistics Canada. (2017, October 25). Aboriginal peoples in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census. Retrieved from

Talen, E. (2006) Design for Diversity: Evaluating the Context of Socially Mixed Neighbourhoods, Journal of Urban Design, 11:1, 1-3

Tellis, W. M. (1997). Application of a Case Study Methodology. The Qualitative Report, 3(3), 1-19. Retrieved from

Toronto Community Housing. (2010, September 30). 60 Richmond Street East: Closing Report. Retrieved from

Toronto Community Housing, (2018, November 19) (n.d.). Who we are, retrieved from

Tyndorf, T. (2006). Perspectives on Affordability, Toronto City Planning, Chief Planner and Executive Director City Planning Division, Policy and Research, City Planning Division, Toronto.

Tyndorf, T. (2006). Toronto Plan: Flashforward Addendum: Projecting Housing Demand by Tenure to 2031, Toronto City Planning.

UK Co-Housing Network (2016, June). Co-Housing: Shared Futures, ESRC, Economic and Social Research Council, UK.

United Way Toronto, (2011). Poverty by Postal Code 2: Vertical Poverty: Declining Income, Housing Quality and Community Life in Toronto’s Inner Suburban High-Rise Apartments, Toronto.

Vincent, D. (2012, December 14). Downtown Toronto condo building set to include affordable rental units | The Star. Retrieved November 20, 2018, from

Welch, T. Warkentin, J. German, M. (2017, July). Scaling Up Joint Ventures between Social Housing Providers and Private Sector Builders, Evergreen, Tim Welch Consulting, CHBA, Canadian Home Builders Association, Toronto.

Welch, T. (2017, July). Recent Examples of Collaborative Developments Between Home Builders or Renovators and Social housing Providers, Tim Welch Consulting, Toronto.

Wiebe, K. (2016, September). Strategic Partnerships Advancing the Development of Affordable Housing, CHRA Congress Sessions Series 2016. (p.13)

York Region (2018). Richmond Hill Hub. Retrieved November 22, 2018, from!ut/p/a0/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfGjzOI9Hd09PTy8Dbz8TSycDRwN_B29jMwtDFx9zPULsh0VAQEAdhQ!/#.W_ggBjFRfRY 

Zainal, Z. (2007). Case study as a research method. Journal Kemanusiaan, 9, 1-6. Retrieved from

n.d (2014) Human Rights Fact Sheet no.21. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, UN Habitat

@StudentDwellTO 2019  |  A collaboration between University of Toronto, Ryerson University, York University, and OCAD University.